Published papers, technical reports, and talks online.


Christopher League
Valery Trifonov
Zhong Shao


We describe the design and implementation of lambda-JVM, a functional representation of Java bytecode that makes data flow explicit, verification simple, and that is well-suited for translation into lower-level representations such as those used in optimizing compilers. It is a good alternative to stack-based Java bytecode for virtual machines or ahead-of-time compilers which optimize methods and produce native code. We use lambda-JVM as one component in a sophisticated type-preserving compiler for Java class files. Though our implementation is incomplete, preliminary measurements of both compile and run times are promising.


  • In Proc. 5th Conf. on Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics, Orlando, FL.